So, “Hi” again guys.. After #episode3 and some interruption writing, I want to continue my Japan’s series. Yup, it is about historical and current state of energy policy and strategy in that country. This is the fact and also my (very) personal opinion.
The unique fact about Japan is that Japan has a management day by day, a bicycle operation country. They imports from aboard in very large number of their basic needs: 96% energy, 100 % resources ca., and 60% foods (in calorie base). One of the lecturer in my Short Term Study Aboard Program, Professor DR. Hirohisha Uchida, said that Japan have to produce goods and service with values, and export them to abroad. With that income, they import further energy, resources, and foods. He even said that Japan has only human resources! So Japan fostering their young generation through education and training, to create new and valuable technologies, goods, service, and society. You know, in my country, Indonesia, there are so many Japan’s technology product like Honda, Toshiba, Panasonic, Suzuki, Toyota, Mitsubishi, Hitachi, etc. Not only in Indonesia of course, the big corporate like Mitsubishi and Hitachi also sell a NPP technology, as a vendor with Westinghouse (US) and Areva (France) for example. A vendor of NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) means sell a product in order hundred (even thousand) billion US dollars. Again, I say Woooooooooow!!!
That’s great technology being happened because of a great energy for a supply. Since 60s, after world war II, Japan had promotion of economics and industrial development by fostering young engineers as highly qualified workers. In 70s, frequent conflicts in the Middle East (and also the Iranian Revolution) stopped oil export to Japan. This revealed the fragile structure of Japan’s energy supply. Then, in 90s until 2011, Japan has new era: Nuclear energy renaissance! They called it “No CO2 emission”, NPP have been said to be the main engine for Japanese Industry and economic growth. Before Fukushima accident, the government of Japan even announced Japan’s energy plan (announced in June 2010), a promotion of NPP from 54 that exist become +9 until 2020, and more than +14 until 2030. That means Japan wished have 77 NPPs in 2030. And everything is changes when 3.11 accident occurs. à I’m not say “semua berubah sejak Negara api menyerang -Avatar–”, hehe 😀
The another facts you guys must know is, Japan have low energy self-sufficiency, it’s just 4% (and 20% of it are from NPP). So the next question, where the 96% is come from? The 96 % of the total energy demand depends on import from foreign nations. I understand that, Japan needs very large amount of energy for train, subway, buildings properties… The more modern the nation, the more energy needed.
After the 3.11 accident, government announced Japan’s new energy basic plan, in 23rd September 2011. According to them, Japan will publish a new energy best mix plan: reduction of nuke dependence (there are still controversial opinions among political and industrial sectors although many Japanese tend to reject NPP), promotion renewable energy, and reinforcement of energy saving. In my opinion, renewable energy is great but that’s not enough of course. How many MW you can produce from fuel cell, solar cell, hydrogen? If you are an energy engineer, I trust you know how limited that generation energy from that source. You know, only one unit of NPP can produce until 1500 MW electric a day. How many tab of hydrogen or area of solar cell or fuel cell you have to provide to get that value? (for adding knowledge, generating hydrogen fuel need a very high temperature, almost 9000C, and as long as I know, generating hydrogen in this era are using heat residual from NPP)
Renewable energy is suitable for personal uses, like use a hydrogen car, fuel cell bike, or solar cell above a roof houses. But, that can’t be relied to industrial purposes. In that case, Japan has very huge energy needed for technology productions. Hmm.. I just thinking Japan are similar to German, they say “I don’t use NPP anymore!”, but German import an electricity from the other country (EU’s electric grid), and their neighbors nation are use NPP to generate that electricity. So, German STILL uses NPP for their consumption energy, but that plant are not in their own yard. How a funny policy – -a
With or without NPP, the countries in the world still use, still need energy for their living. If that’s without NPP, it’s with the other fuel: coal, oil, and natural gas. How many reserve of that resources left? Just standing 40 years again. After that? We will see guys! Are we back in non-electricity era? Or get some oil from Jupiter (you know, Jupiter are an oil planet. Almost all their layer in huge size are from oil)? Or using a breeder fuel from Thorium that I suggested!
It’s not political reason, It’s a human environment conscious reason.
Destiana Tunggal Pramesti